購物體驗

美國購物需知:各洲的消費稅

所以如果你會穿洲過省的話,可以先查閱那一個洲的消費稅比較低,要做個精明的消費者啊!

如果到美國購物,事前一定要先理解當地的消費稅。貨物通常只會列出它本身的價格,消費稅沒有列明,所以購物前就要自己先計算才知道最後付款的總額啊!
每一個洲都有不同的消費稅,所以如果你會穿洲過省的話,可以先查閱那一個洲的消費稅比較低,要做個精明的消費者啊!
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美國各地的消費稅由兩個部分組成:州消費稅 (State Sales Tax) + 地方消費稅 (Local Sales Tax) = 綜合消費稅 (Combined Sales Tax)。州消費稅由州政府制定為固定,而地方消費稅則由各縣市政府制定,所以即使是同一州的兩個城市可能會有不同的消費稅啊!而且都有不同玩法,這有點讓人困惑!可以參考以下列表:

chart
剛剛的美國之旅,我會到 New York及 Boston, 我出發前先比較一下兩個地方的稅項。
New York 的話,它的綜合消費稅是 8.875%, 但有一樣很特別的豁免,就是衣服鞋襪價格低於 $110 美元的話是免稅的!(逐件計的單價,不是購物的總數)但當中有些名貴或專業的用品是沒有豁免,而且最多人買的包包也沒有豁免啊!
至於屬於麻省 ( Massachusetts) 的 Boston, 衣服鞋襪就是單件價格低於 $175 美元是免稅的!而它的綜合消費稅是6.25%。那我當然會選擇在波士頓 (Boston) 消費啦!
豁免衣服稅項的州
Massachusetts (麻薩諸塞州/麻省)
Minnesota (明尼蘇達州)
New Jersey (新澤西州)
New York (紐約)
Pennsylvania (賓夕凡尼亞州)
Rhode Island (羅德島州)
State-Clothing-Taxability-Map
但正如我剛剛所說,有些名貴或專業的用品是沒有豁免,可以看以下稅項豁免及不豁免的物品:

稅項豁免的物品:
Aerobic clothing
Antique clothing (for wear)
Aprons
Arm warmers
Athletic supporters
Athletic or sport uniforms or
clothing (but not equipment such as mitts,
helmets and pads)
Bandannas
Bathing caps
Bathing suits
Beach caps and coats
Belt buckles
Belts/suspenders
Bibs (baby)
Blouses
Boots (climbing, fishing, riding, ski,
waders)
Bridal gowns and veils (unless rented)
Caps
Coats and wraps
Corset laces
Coveralls
Diapers (adult – including disposable)
Diapers (children – including disposable)
Dress shields
Dresses
Ear muffs
Eyeglasses (prescription – including
goggles, safety and sun glasses)
Formal clothing (unless rented)
Fur clothing
Garters/garter belts
Girdles
Gloves (batting, bicycle, dress [unless
rented], garden, golf, ski, tennis, work)
Graduation caps and gowns (unless
rented)
Gym suits
Hand muffs
Handkerchiefs
Hats
Hosiery (panty hose, peds, etc.)
Insoles
Jeans
Jogging suits
Lab coats
Leg warmers
Leotards
Lingerie
Pajamas
Pants (slacks, jeans, etc.)
Ponchos
Prom dress (unless rented)
Rain wear
Receiving blankets
Religious clothing
Rented uniforms (unless formal wear/
costume)
Riding pants
Robes
Scarves
Scout uniforms
Shawls and wraps
Shirts
Shoes (ballet, bicycle, bowling,
cleated, football, golf, jazz/dance, soccer,
track, etc.)
Shoe inserts
Shoe laces
Shoulder pads for dresses,
jackets, etc. (but not athletic or sport
protective pads)
Shower caps
Ski masks
Sleepwear
Slippers
Sneakers
Socks
Sports clothing and uniforms (but not
equipment such as mitts, helmets, and
pads)
Stockings
Support hosiery
Suspenders
Sweat bands
Sweat suits
Ties/neckwear
Tights
Tuxedos (unless rented)
Underwear
Uniforms (occupational, military, scouting,
sport)
Wet and dry suits
Yard goods, and notions1
有稅項的物品
Antique clothing (collectible, not for wear)
Barrettes
Bobby pins
Costumes
Crib blankets
Elastic ponytail holders
Goggles (nonprescription)
Hair bows
Hair clips
Handbags and purses
Headbands (sweatbands are exempt)
Helmets (sport, motorcycle, bicycle, etc.)
Ice skates
In-line skates
Jewelry
Key cases
Mitts (baseball fielder’s glove, hockey, etc.)
Party costumes
Personal flotation devices
Protective masks (athletic, sport, or
occupational)
Roller skates
Safety glasses (nonprescription)
Sewing accessories (not an integral part of
clothing such as chalk, instruction books,
knitting needles, measuring tapes, needles,
patterns, scissors, pins, thimbles)
Shin guards and padding
Shoulder pads (football, hockey, etc.)
Sunglasses (nonprescription)
Umbrellas
Wallets
Watch bands
Watches
Wigs
Yard goods and notions1

美國一共有45個州徵收消費稅,只有5個州免州消費稅 State Sales Tax,分別為:

Delaware (德拉瓦州)
Montana (蒙大拿州)
New Hampshire (新罕布夏州)
Oregon (俄勒岡州)
Alaska (阿拉斯加州)

所以有機會到那些免消費稅的州,一定要盡情血拼,可能比第二個州差成10% 的!變相是九折呢!

不過,讓我再提醒大家,消費稅是州消費稅+地方消費稅。阿拉斯加雖然是免州稅,可是州內有些地方可能還是需要收地方消費稅。阿拉斯加幾個大城市的消費稅:Anchorage 0%, Fairbanks 0%, Juneau 5%,其他城市消費稅最高可達7.5%。

如果再也不明白,可到以下網站查閱一下:

 


貴婦出走日記 Travel Like A Lady

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